|Book Review of "Earning and Learning: How Schools Matter"|
Uploaded by: Pocket Masters
Pockets: Gottesman Libraries Archive, International & Transcultural Studies, Teachers College Faculty, Thomas Bailey Collection
Description/Abstract: This useful edited volume is in two parts. One, summarized by Susan Mayer's Chapter 1, "From Learning to Earning," asks whether educational and economic success is determined primarily by student aptitudes, which are not under the control of the school, or by school-taught achievement. The second, introduced by Paul Peterson's Chapter 5, "School Reforms: How Much do they Matter?" explores the effects on academic achievement, of several well-known and controversial school reform strategies. The chapters published in the first section were written partly in response to the publication of The Bell Curve (Free Press, 1994) by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray. The conclusion that those with more schooling tend to earn more is one of the strongest empirical findings in education research. There is much less consensus about why more educated people earn more. Herrnstein and Murray argued that for the most part, initial aptitude (or IQ) determined both success in school and in the workplace, thus equalizing schooling will not equalize income. The three substantive chapters...