|The Effect of Attachment on Students' Evaluation of the Working Alliance with Their Dissertation Sponsors and Generalized Perceptions of Stress|
Uploaded by: Pocket Masters
Pockets: Economics and Education, Counseling Psychology, Psychology in Education, Teachers College Program Collections, International & Transcultural Studies
Tags: Guidance and Counseling in Edu
Description/Abstract: The study assessed how adult attachment style affects students' evaluation of the working alliance they have with their dissertation sponsors, and the degree to which they perceive their lives as stressful. The study used an on-line survey (n = 130). The research protocol included four research instruments. The Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) yielded a continuous attachment score, as well as a typology of attachment styles (Secure-, Ambivalent-, and Avoidant attachment). The Advisory Working Alliance Inventory - student version (AWAI-S) yielded a global working alliance score and continuous scores on three factors or subscales namely, Apprenticeship (the degree to which the advisor facilitates the advisee's professional development), Identification-Individuation (how much the advisee wants or does not want to be like the advisor) and Rapport (how well the advisor and advisee got along interpersonally). The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) provided an estimate of the extent to which participants perceived their lives as stressful in the last 30 days. A short inventory of work-promoting behaviors was added to the PSS in order to obtain behavioral observations that were more specifically related to the process of dissertation work. The Demographic questionnaire recorded demographic data on students and their sponsors. Participants gained access to a public website with resources for dissertation-writing as an incentive to participate in the study. Greater security in the student's attachment significantly predicted more positive perceptions of the student-sponsor working alliance. More positive perceptions of the working alliance significantly predicted a decrease in perceived stress. Working alliance was found to be a proxy for attachment. Female doctoral candidates and students sponsored by non-tenured faculty reported greater perceptions of stress than their counterparts. Mixed results were obtained regarding the hypothesized differences in work promoting behaviors between securely- and insecurely attached students. The hypothesized differences between attachment typologies in terms of working alliance were not supported. In general, an inverse correlation was found between Apprenticeship and Perceived Stress that was also significant for the ambivalently attached persons.