An Online Investigation of Trauma Across the Lifespan and Predictors of Coping Self-Efficacy
By: Asrat Genet Amnie
Published: 5/18/2016
Uploaded: 06/06/2018
Uploaded by: Pocket Masters
Pockets: 2016 (May) Teachers College Columbia University Ed.D. Dissertations, Gottesman Libraries Archive, Historical Dissertations
Tags: Adult Trauma, Adverse Childhood Experiences, Coping Self Efficiacy, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, risky sexual behavior, Substance Use Disorder

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Description/Abstract: Predictors of three dimensions of self-efficacy were sought. Using backward stepwise regression, higher (1) problem-solving coping self-efficacy was significantly predicted by: male gender (=-.4.515, SEB =2.115, p = .034); non-White (=-6.350, SEB =1.635, p =.000); met no criteria for PTSD (=-7.154, SEB =1.606, p = .000); no HIV testing (=-3.635, SEB =1.589, p= .023); and higher income (=-3.635, SEB =1.589, p= .01)with R 2 =.228 and the AdjR2=.221, meaning that 22.1% of the variance was explained by the model. Higher (2) stopping unpleasant thoughts coping self-efficacy was significantly predicted by: male gender (= -6.790, SEB =1.217, p =.001); being non-White (= -6.350, SEB =1.217, p = .000); not US born (=-4.321, SEB =1.858, p =.021); met no criteria for PTSD (= -6.050, SEB = -.278, p =1.116); older age (=.097, SEB =.038, p =.011); and higher income (=.418, SEB = .162, p = .010) with R2=.329 and the AdjR2=.311, meaning that 31.1% of the variance was explained by the model. Higher (3) seeking social support coping self-efficacy was significantly predicted by: being non-White (= -2.069, SEB =1.045, p = .049); not U.S. born (β =-3.592, SEB =1.267, p = .028); being trauma exposed (=2.241, SEB =1.044, p = .033); met no criteria for PTSD (=-3.828, SEB =1.051, p =.001); currently drinks alcohol (=-3.221, SEB =.959, p =.001); higher income (=.399, SEB = .139, p = .005); and fewer ACE (=-.902, SEB =.214, p = .000) with R2=.628 and the AdjR2=.245, meaning that 24.5.1% of the variance was explained by the model. Recurrent predictors across the three models were being non-white, no PTSD, higher income, male, and non-US born. Qualitative data revealed themes of adaptive and maladaptive coping, as well as for posttraumatic growth and the absence of it. Finally, implications and recommendations are discussed.