|The Prevalence of College Sexual Assault Among Women in The Digital Media Era: An Online Investigation of Potential Impacts From Social Networking, Pornography, Cyberbullying and Sexting|
Uploaded by: Pocket Masters
Pockets: 2014 (May) Teachers College Columbia University Ed.D. Dissertations, Gottesman Libraries Archive, Historical Dissertations
Tags: Cyberbullying, digital media, Pornography, Sexting, Sexual assault, Sexual Violence
Description/Abstract: The dissertation investigated college sexual assault within the digital media era with 233 women mostly enrolled as undergraduates (88.8%, n=207) in U.S. colleges, while most identified as White (69.1%, n = 161) or Hispanic (15%, n=35)--with a mean age of 20.9 years (min 18, max 33, SD=2.63). Some 48.1% (n=112) had sent a sext of themselves, and 55.4% (n=129) reported having received a sext. Also, 66.1% (n=154) had been sexually harassed, 47.2% (n=110) had felt violated during a sexual experience, and 24.9% (n=58) had been stalked. College sexual assault was reported by 44.2% (n=103), while 14.4% (n=14) felt they had been forced to do something the assailant had seen in pornography (14.4%, n=14), 14.4% (n=14) felt the perpetrator was porn-addicted, and 14.4% (14.4%) were unsure if images of the assault were spread online (14.4%, n=14). Some (64.9%, n=63) reported having drunk alcohol willingly before the assault, and 41.2% indicated someone had been trying to get them drunk before the assault.
Among key findings, logistic backwards stepwise regression analysis revealed occurrence of college sexual assault to be predicted by more childhood sexual abuse trauma (eB=1.418, p=.003; 95% CI: 1.130, 1.781), drinking alcohol (eB=3.346, p=.000; 95% CI: 1.100, 10.183), having had sex since college (eB=2.596, p=.015; 95% CI: 1.201, 5.609), and having been a bystander to college sexual assault (eB=1.731, p=.000; 95% CI: 1.731, 6.245) - in a model where addition of the above predictors reduced the unexplained variance by a range of (0.183 - 0.245). Linear backwards stepwise regression analysis found higher ratings of the colleges' sexual assault prevention and response efforts was predicted by less childhood sexual abuse trauma (B=-.146, p=.002), less adult sexual abuse trauma (B=-.181, p=.000), not being White (B=-.322, p=.011), having sent or received a sext (B=.242, p=.044), having been nonconsensually photographed or filmed naked in a sexual way (B=.498, p=.005), not being employed (B=-.243, p=.044), and fewer years in school (B=-.217, p=.000) - in a model accounting for 26% of variance (AdjR2=.260).
Participants' recommendations for improving college sexual assault prevention and response efforts covered four emergent themes: 1) education, 2) college administration responsiveness, 3) policy, and 3) college environment.