|Women in dual-earner and dual-career families: an exploratory study/cbycDixie Lee Cody Van Eynde|
Dixie Lee Cody Van Eynde
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Pockets: Gottesman Libraries Archive, Historical Dissertations
Tags: employment, Married people, Married women, United States
WOMEN IN DUAL-EARNER AND DUAL-CAREER FAMILIES: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY
Dixie Lee Cody Van Eynde
Using some of the dimensions that have previously been used to compare working women with traditional housewives, the major purpose of this study was to consider and explore differences among subgroups of working women. The women studied were married, working at least 30 hours per week, and had at least one child living at home. They were divided into groups according to their orientation toward their work--job versus career--and their level of career commitment as measured by career salience and level of education. Three groups were identified. Those who were job oriented became the Dual-earner (DE) group. The career oriented women were placed in two groups based on their level of career commitment--Higher Level Dual-career (HLDC) and Lower Level Dual-career (LLDC). The women participating in this study responded to a questionnaire devised by the investigator and to several published instruments.
The HLDC group reported the highest levels of overload, spent more time in work and work-related activities, and did less housework than women in the other groups. They had the most masculine sex role profile as measured by the Bem Sex Role Inventory. The LLDC group was more highly androgynous; the DE group had the most traditionally feminine profile. The two dual-career groups married later, worked longer before having children, had children at later ages, and curtailed their careers after having children to a lesser degree than the DE women. The two DC groups were more likely to cite personal rather than financial advantages of their chosen lifestyle than the DE women. They also gave themselves higher scale scores on measures of satisfaction with current job, career progress and future career prospects. The women in the two dual-career groups described themselves as less succorant, more dominant, more self-confident, more like their ideal self, and more achievement oriented than the DE women using the Adjective Check List.
Previous studies have failed to differentiate among various subgroups of working women. The differences found in this study suggest that further research focused on differences among many possible subgroups of working women should prove fruitful.