Maurice Dartigue
Maurice Dartigue was born in 1903 in Les Cayes, Haiti, to Régina (Duperval) and Jean Baptiste Dartigue, a pre-eminent attorney, former Governor of the South, and, briefly, Minister of Agriculture and Public Works, which is what brought the family to Port-au-Prince, where Maurice completed secondary school at Collège Saint-Martial. His father’s death obliged him to abandon his law studies and enter the Central School of Agriculture (later renamed the National School of Agriculture), created just that summer by the American Occupation as part of its Technical Service of Agriculture and Vocational Education.

Dartigue graduated in 1926 and then spent two separate semesters (1927-28 and 1930-31) at Teachers College, Columbia University, in New York, where he earned his master’s degree in rural education and where he met his future wife, the Hungarian-born Esther Reithoffer.

Prior to obtaining his master's, he held a variety of posts in the Technical Service: Inspector of Rural and Farm Schools, Instructor of Social Sciences at the School of Agriculture, Instructor of Education at the Teacher-Training College (Ecole Normale) at Damien, and Head of an experimental primary and secondary school at Chatard. When the Technical Service was disbanded in 1931, Dartigue was named Director of Rural Education and served until 1941. During his long tenure in the field, he instituted a slew of significant and innovative reforms, which is what drew him to the attention of the presidential candidate Elie Lescot in 1941.

When Lescot was elected, Dartigue was appointed Minister of Education, Agriculture and Labor and over the next 4 ½ years embarked on a program of many important and substantive urban reforms. Throughout his more than 20-year career in Haiti, Dartigue was a pioneer in both rural and urban education.

When Lescot resigned from office in 1946 on the heels of a revolution, Dartigue and his immediate family felt it best to leave the country and sought political asylum in the U.S. He was able to secure a job at the fledgling United Nations, where he served for 10 years (1946-1956), rising to the level of Senior Specialist in Education. He was then employed by UNESCO in Paris, where he was, in turn, Chief of the Division of In-School Education, Chief of the UNESCO Mission in the Congo and Chief Consultant in Education to the Head of the United Nations Civilian Operations in the Congo (during that chaotic first year of the Congo Crisis), and, finally, Chief of the (newly created) Africa Division. In these posts, he had the opportunity to use his position, education, and experience to aid the emerging and newly independent African nations, with the development of much-needed education programs.

After reaching the mandatory retirement age of 60, Dartigue accepted a variety of short-term and longer-term assignments in Africa, which had become his specialty. He spearheaded the organization of the first-ever conference of ministers and directors of education from tropical Africa, held in Addis Ababa (1960); of the Regional Group for Educational Planning (later known as the Regional Bureau of Educational Development in Africa), in Dakar, Senegal (1963-65); of the first-ever African teacher-training courses, in Cairo (1964); and of the postgraduate teacher-training school, the Ecole Normale Supérieure, in Bujumbura, Burundi (1966-68). He fully retired after his last mission, to Equatorial Guinea, in 1971.

During his career, he published some 70 monographs, articles and reports on education, more than half of which dealt with education in Haiti, including Les Problèmes de la Communauté (Problems of the Community) (1931), Conditions Rurales en Haïti (Rural Conditions in Haiti) (1938), L'Enseignement en Haïti 1804-1938 (Education in Haiti 1804-1938) (1939), “Rural Life and Education in Haiti” (article in The Inter-American Quarterly) (April 1941), “Education and National Culture” (part of Proceedings: Eighth American Scientific Congress issued by the U.S. Department of State) (1943), “Education and National Culture” (part of Proceedings: Eighth American Scientific Congress issued by the U.S. Department of State) (1943), and An Economic Program for Haiti (1946).

Maurice Dartigue passed away in Paris on July 9, 1983. He left behind his wife Esther, their son John, and his sister Renée. His wife was an educator in her own right, nursery schools in Haiti, New York and Paris (including the UN Nursery School in Paris from 1956 to 1966), and a spokesperson for and specialist in bilingual education in an international setting.

The Maurice Dartigue Collection comprises photocopies of monographs, reports, articles, speeches, and correspondence from the 1930s and 1940s by Dartigue on education, economics, rural conditions, and other topics relating to Haiti; reports and correspondence from the 1950s and 1960s relating to Dartigue's career at the UN and UNESCO, conferences, meetings, and his missions in Africa (most of them having to do with education); and testimonial essays and other biographical writings about Dartigue. In 1988, Esther Dartigue authored an unpublished manuscript (contained in the Collection), which she subsequently transformed into two published books, Un Haïtien Exceptionnel Maurice Dartigue, in 1992, and An Outstanding Haitian, Maurice Dartigue, in 1994. Other works about him include Charles Pierre-Jacques’ D’Haïti à l’Afrique, Itinéraire de Maurice Dartigue, Un Educateur Visionnaire (From Haiti to Africa, the Itinerary of Maurice Dartigue, a Visionary Educator) (2002) and Chantalle Francesca Verna’s 2007 article in the Journal of Haitian Studies, “Maurice Dartigue, Educational Reform and Intellectual Cooperation with the United States as a Strategy for Haitian National Development 1934-1946” (all of which are available at the Library).
Website: http://dartigue.com/index.html...
Created By: Pocket Master

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[thumbnail] A Lesson in Educational Borrowing: Jean Joseph Maurice Dartigue - Teachers College Alumnus, Haitian Minister of Education, and UNESCO Education Chief
by R. Gottlieb (1998)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] "D'Haiti – l'Afrique, Itinéraire de Maurice Dartigue, Un Educateur Visionnaire" ( From Haiti to Africa, Itinerary of Maurice Dartigue, A Visionary Educator )
by C. Pierre-Jacques (2002)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Curriculum Vitae for Maurice Dartigue
by J. Dartigue & M. Dartigue (2013)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] "La Réforme de Maurice Dartigue et Les Courants de Pensée en Education" (The Reforms of Maurice Dartigue and Trends in Educational Thought)
by C. Mathurin (2003)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Un Rformateur parmi les ractionnaires (A Reformer among Reactionaries)
by I. Scott (1996)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] "Le programme de construction de classes primaires dans le cadre du premier Plan Quadriennal du Sngal (1961-1964)" (The Program of Construction of Primary Classrooms within the framework of the first Quadrennial Plan for Senegal (1961-1964)
by M. Dartigue (1965)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Four Articles from Haitian Newspapers
by L. St-Juste, E. Etienne & O. Boisgris (n/a, 1983 - 1986)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] "Rural Life and Education in Haiti"
by M. Dartigue (1941)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Various Articles on Early Childhood Education & Bilingualism in an International Nursery School Setting
by E. Dartigue (n/a, 1958 - 1970)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Four Articles from Association France-Haiti’s Annual Bulletin
by E. Dartigue (n/a, 1981 - 1985)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Eight Articles in Response to a Highly Controversial Talk
by P. Master (1935)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Curriculum Vitae of Esther Dartigue
by J. Dartigue (05/25/2013)
uploaded by: Pocket Master

[thumbnail] Teachers College Medals 1954
by H. Caswell, M. Dartigue, F. Souza, W. Inglis & M. Jamali (1954)
uploaded by: Pocket Masters

[thumbnail] Inventory of Microfiche Contents
by J. Dartigue (05/29/2012)
uploaded by: Pocket Masters

[thumbnail] The Emergency Program for Africa 1962 Continued
by E. Dartigue (1988)
uploaded by: Pocket Masters

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